Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions: obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant; compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.

  1. Intrusive, distressing thoughts, impulses, or images that are recurrent and persistent
  2. Obsessions are not related to real-life problems
  3. Attempts to ignore, suppress or neutralize Obsessions (often with compulsions)
  4. Recognition that Obsessions are product of one’s own mind
  5. Examples
    1. Contamination (50%)
      1. Worry about infection from others (e.g. shaking hands)
      2. Associated compulsions: Hand washing, cleaning
    2. Pathologic doubt (42%)
      1. Persistent worrying about doing things incorrectly and negatively impacting others
      2. Examples: An unlocked door, or oven left on
      3. Associated compulsions: Excessive checking, Performing tasks in a strict order
    3. Somatic (33%)
    4. Need for symmetry or Order (32%)
      1. Needs to perform tasks in a balanced, exact manner
      2. Associated compulsions: ordering, arranging
    5. Aggressive (31%)
      1. Intrusive images of hurting another person
      2. Experiences recurrent violent images
      3. Associated compulsions: Needs reassurance of being a good person
    6. Sexual (24%)
      1. Intrusive pornographic images (sexually deviant, pedophilia)
      2. Acting in a sexually inappropriate way toward others
      3. Associated compulsions: Follow mental rituals to counter intrusive thoughts
    7. Religious
      1. Worry about unknowingly commiting a sin (immoral, eternal damnation)
      2. Associated compulsions: Asking for forgiveness, praying
    8. Superstition
      1. Afraid of bad numbers or colors
      2. Associated compulsions: Counting

Anxiety

Everyday there is something not quite right.

You feel tense and you aren’t sure why.

You can’t talk to people without worrying what they are thinking about you.

You can’t go into work without worrying about whether or not you are doing a good job.

Money is constantly on your mind, even though you probably have enough.

You can’t seem to enjoy things like other people.

Making that big change is too much to handle.

Depression

If you are clinically depressed you would have at least two of the following symptoms for at least 2 weeks:

  • An unusually sad mood that does not go away
  • Loss of enjoyment and interest in activities that used to be enjoyable
  • Tiredness and lack of energy

As well, people who are depressed often have other symptoms such as:

  • Loss of confidence in themselves or poor self-esteem
  • Feeling guilty when they are not at fault
  • Wishing they were dead
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Moving more slowly or, sometimes becoming agitated and unable to settle
  • Having sleeping difficulties or, sometimes, sleeping too much
  • Loss of interest in food or, sometimes eating too much. Changes in eating habits may lead to either loss of weight or putting on weight.

Hello!

Hi All Manas Life Aid and Research is a primarily focused on helping the individuals with various mental issues they face.